In the past few decades, there have been considerable changes in the UK education system, particularly in relation to higher education. The vast majority of universities in the UK are publicly funded and as a result many have suffered with the increased spending cuts. In the 1990s emphasis was placed on upgrading existing establishments and assigning them university status, so several new universities were created during this time.
Even with the funding cuts, universities rarely close. The majority of universities that have closed in recent decades were those in the 1980s:
In 1985, Westfield merged with Queen Mary and Kings College took over some of the buildings, while others were sold for redevelopment. In 2000, Westfield College was no more and the Queen Mary University of London was formed.
The closure of Bedford was a result of another merger, this time with Royal Holloway. In 1992 the college adopted the name ‘Royal Holloway, University of London’.
- Queen Elizabeth and Chelsea
In 1985 a merger took place between Queen Elizabeth and Chelsea and Kings College. Neither of the first two colleges exists anymore after they were closed and became prestigious residential developments.
No longer in existence, Richmond was closed in 1972 as part of a reorganization of teacher training venues. The buildings were later taken over by another university, but Richmond ceased to exist.
- Medical Schools and Teacher Training
A number of university level medical schools have also closed, particularly after the restructure of medical education. St Mary’s and Imperial were just two of the medical schools which no longer exist.
As a result of additional restructures, a number of teacher training establishments also closed, either through mergers or complete closures. St Gabriel’s and Avery Hill were just two that merged to become part of larger universities.
Although there have been a number of university closures, new ones have been formed:
- City University London
Awarded university status in 1966, City University in London is well known for its outstanding postgraduate courses, particularly in journalism.
- University of Kent
Established in 1966, the University of Kent is part of a network of European universities which promoted social and economic development on an international scale.
- University of Portsmouth
Although it has been around since 1869, the University of Portsmouth obtained university status in 1992 and offers more than 450 degree courses today.
Relaunched in 1966 as Loughborough University, it has recently opened a second campus in London offering a range of postgraduate teaching, enterprise and research opportunities
- University of Hertfordshire
As one of the newest UK universities, the University of Hertfordshire has been around since 1992. Specialising in animation and pharmaceuticals, it has a strong reputation which is synonymous with high quality education.
Despite the recent changes to a number of UK universities, there’s still hope for those who are finding university a bit overwhelming. Professional writing services are a good way of helping reduce your workload and making sure you get the marks you deserve. These services can be particularly beneficial for international students who can sometimes struggle to get their ideas on paper in a concise and fluent manner.
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